After the Augsburg Confession was presented at the Diet of Augsburg, Roman Catholic opponents of the Reformation began to publish criticisms of the document. Philipp Melanchthon responded with this work, known as the Apology of the Augsburg Confession. In this book, Melanchthon demonstrates that the teaching of the reformers is that of Scripture, and also that it is consistent with the teachings of early church fathers. He addresses various criticisms, misunderstandings, and Scriptural arguments. This work continues to be used as one of the confessional documents of the Lutheran church. The translation used in this edition is the Triglotta version.
Annotations on Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians, and 1 and 2 Thessalonians (Lutheran Commentary Series)
The True Church and the Holy Ministry: Two Treatises on Ecclesiology by E. Greenwald and Henry Eyster Jacobs
George Henry Gerberding's "The Lutheran Pastor," is an extensive treatment of pastoral theology from a Lutheran perspective. This work is both theological and practical, as he expounds upon various aspects of pastoral life and ministry. He begins by a discussion of the call, outlining various approaches to the call within Lutheranism. He then discusses the personal life of the pastor, the role of the pastor in the worship service, and private visitations. Though a century old, this work is an extremely beneficial and practical volume for anyone in, or considering, a pastoral role in the Lutheran church.
Leonhard Hutter's Compend of Lutheran Theology was a standard theological textbook for many years following the Reformation. This volume is a short and comprehensive treatment of Lutheran theology. It is written in a question and answer format, and is an especially helpful work for catechesis.
Hutter writes within the scholastic tradition, yet this work is very accessible. He heavily utilizes selections from the Lutheran Confessions, Scripture, and the writings of Luther and Melanchthon. This edition was translated by Henry Eyster Jacobs for use in Lutheran education in America in the nineteenth century.
Leonhard Hutter (1563-1616) was a professor of theology at the University of Wittenberg, and was an early proponent of Lutheran orthodoxy.
In the contemporary Lutheran church, our rich dogmatic heritage is often forgotten. We tend to privilege Luther and other early reformers over the later tradition that developed through his reforms. The church would benefit from a thorough read of those within the seventeenth century scholastic tradition, along with the reformers, who systematized and expounded upon Luther's ideas. Heinrich Schmid's The Doctrinal Theology of the Evangelical Lutheran Church is a concise summary of the developments of the seventeenth century scholastic theologians in the Lutheran tradition. Schmid compiles citations from the best of that tradition, including Gerhard, Chemnitz, Calov, and Quenstedt. Schmid also includes several historical notes, demonstrating how each particular doctrine has developed in the history of Lutheran theology. This book is an essential read for anyone who desires to understand the Lutheran theological tradition
The Doctrine of Baptism: Selected Writings on the Sacrament by Charles Krauth (Studies in Dogmatics)
Milton Valentine (1825-1906) was the most prominent theologian of the General Synod after the death of Samuel Schmucker. Unlike Schmucker, Valentine was committed to the unaltered Augsburg Confession, and argues for Lutheran unity in America based on a quia subscription to the Augustana. Unity was impossible however, between the General Synod and the General Council due to the remaining liberalism amongst many clergy and theologians in the General Synod. Though committed to the Augustana and the historic Lutheran tradition as he understood it, Valentine was still largely influenced by the protestantizing tendencies of his own church body. This should not, however, serve as grounds for dismissing Valentine as a theologian. He was a highly original and intelligent theologian, producing the best theological textbooks to arise from the General Synod. Valentine's treatment of the order of salvation and the work of Christ are especially beneficial. When speaking of the sacraments, however, Valentine is influenced by Reformed thinking. This is the second volume of Valentine's Systematic Theology that served as a textbook for many years at Gettysburg Seminary where Valentine served as president. This second volume covers soteriology, the sacraments, ecclesiology, and eschatology.
"It is refreshing to find a treatment of he psychology of the moral agent, the being we know as man, without beginning with the oyster or the earthworm, and being left as last in doubt whether the human soul differs in kind or degree from the insignificant embodiment of nervous susceptibility with which we began. Dr. Valentine takes man as he finds him, endowed with rational intellect, sensibility, and free will, and leaves the evolutionary biologist to amuse himself with the problem how he came to be what he is. What he is, is all that essentially concerns the ethical philosopher." -Bibliotheca Sacra